Performance Analysis in the Segmentation of urban asphalted roads in RGB satellite images using K-Means++ and SegNet

Case study in São Luís-MA

Authors

  • João Batista Pacheco Junior Universidade Estadual do Maranhão
  • Prof. Henrique Mariano Universidade Estadual do Maranhão

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4114/intartif.vol24iss68pp89-103

Keywords:

Geoprocessing, RGB image, image segmentation, K-Means , Convolutional Neural Network

Abstract

The design and manual insertion of new terrestrial roads into geographic databases is a frequent activity in geoprocessing and their demand usually occurs as the most up-to-date satellite imagery of the territory is acquired. Continually, new urban and rural occupations emerge, for which specific vector geometries need to be designed to characterize the cartographic inputs and accommodate the relevant associated data. Therefore, it is convenient to develop a computational tool that, with the help of artificial intelligence, automates what is possible in this respect, since manual editing depends on the limits of user agility, and does it in images that are usually easy and free to access.

To test the feasibility of this proposal, a database of RGB images containing asphalted urban roads is presented to the K-Means++ algorithm and the SegNet Convolutional Neural Network, and the performance of each was evaluated and compared for accuracy and IoU of road identification.

Under the conditions of the experiment, K-Means++ achieved poor and unviable results for use in a real-life application involving tarmac detection in RGB satellite images, with average accuracy ranging from 41.67% to 64.19% and average IoU of 12.30% to 16.16%, depending on the preprocessing strategy used. On the other hand, the SegNet Convolutional Neural Network proved to be appropriate for precision applications not sensitive to discontinuities, achieving an average accuracy of 87.12% and an average IoU of 71.93%.

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Author Biography

João Batista Pacheco Junior, Universidade Estadual do Maranhão

Geoprocessing Analyst at the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics. Master student in Computer and Systems Engineering with emphasis on Georeferenced Systems, Degree in Mathematics and Technician in Computer Networks from the State University of Maranhão. Geoprocessing Specialist from the Pontifical Catholic University of Minas Gerais. Bachelor in Computer Science from the Federal University of Maranhao. Has experience in basic and higher education in Mathematics and research in the area of Collective Health, Geoprocessing and Deep Learning. Areas of interest are Geoprocessing, Artificial Intelligence, Digital Image Processing and Applied Mathematics.

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Published

2021-11-24

How to Cite

Pacheco Junior, J. B., & Costa do Amaral, H. M. (2021). Performance Analysis in the Segmentation of urban asphalted roads in RGB satellite images using K-Means++ and SegNet: Case study in São Luís-MA. Inteligencia Artificial, 24(68), 89–103. https://doi.org/10.4114/intartif.vol24iss68pp89-103

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