An Ensemble Classification Method Based on Deep Neural Networks for Breast Cancer Diagnosis


  • Yan Gao School of Electrical and Mechanical Engineering, Xuchang University, China
  • Amin Rezaeipanah Department of Computer Engineering, Persian Gulf University, Bushehr, Iran



Advances in technology have led to advances in breast cancer screening by detecting symptoms that doctors have overlooked. In this paper, an automatic detection system for breast cancer cases based on Internet of Things (IoT) is proposed. First, using IoT technology, direct medical images are sent to the data repository after the suspicious person's visit through medical equipment equipped with IoT. Then, in order to help radiologists, interpret medical images as best as possible, we use four pre-trained convolutional neural network models including InceptionResNetV2, InceptionV3, VGG19 and ResNet152. These models are combined by an ensemble classifier. Also, these models are used to accurately predict cases with breast cancer, healthy people, and cases with pneumonia by using two datasets of X-RAY and CT-scan in a three-class classification. Finally, the best result obtained for CT-scan images belongs to InceptionResNetV2 architecture with 99.36% accuracy and for X-RAY images belongs to InceptionV3 architecture with 96.94% accuracy. The results show that this method leads to a reduction in daily visits to medical centers and thus reduces the pressure on the medical care system. It also helps radiologists and medical staff to detect breast cancer in its early stages.


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How to Cite

Gao, Y., & Rezaeipanah, A. (2023). An Ensemble Classification Method Based on Deep Neural Networks for Breast Cancer Diagnosis. Inteligencia Artificial, 26(72), 160–177.