Inteligencia Artificial <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="color: #000000;"><strong><em><a style="color: #003366; text-decoration: underline;" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Inteligencia Artificial</a></em></strong><span id="result_box" class="" lang="en"> is an international open access journal promoted by <span class="">the Iberoamerican Society of</span> Artificial Intelligence (<a href="">IBERAMIA</a>). </span></span>Since 1997, the journal publishes high-quality original papers reporting theoretical or applied advances in all areas of Artificial Intelligence. <span style="color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.87); font-family: 'Noto Sans', -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Segoe UI', Roboto, Oxygen-Sans, Ubuntu, Cantarell, 'Helvetica Neue', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: justify; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; background-color: #ffffff; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; display: inline !important; float: none;">There are no fees for subscription, publication nor editing tasks<span class="VIiyi" lang="en"><span class="JLqJ4b ChMk0b" data-language-for-alternatives="en" data-language-to-translate-into="es" data-phrase-index="0">.</span></span> <span class="VIiyi" lang="en"><span class="JLqJ4b ChMk0b" data-language-for-alternatives="en" data-language-to-translate-into="es" data-phrase-index="0">Articles can be written in English, Spanish or Portuguese and <a href="">will be subjected</a> to a double-blind peer review process.</span></span> <span class="VIiyi" lang="en"><span class="JLqJ4b ChMk0b" data-language-for-alternatives="en" data-language-to-translate-into="es" data-phrase-index="0">The journal is abstracted and indexed in several <a href="">data bases</a>. </span></span><br /></span></p> Sociedad Iberoamericana de Inteligencia Artificial (IBERAMIA) en-US Inteligencia Artificial 1137-3601 <p>Open Access publishing.<br />Lic. under <a href="">Creative Commons CC-BY-NC</a><br />Inteligencia Artificial (Ed. IBERAMIA)<br />ISSN: 1988-3064 (on line).<br />(C) IBERAMIA &amp; The Authors</p> TVN: Detect Deepfakes Images using Texture Variation Network <p>Face manipulation technology is rapidly developing, making it impossible for human eyes to recognize fake face photos. Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) discriminators, on the other hand, can fast achieve high accuracy in distinguishing fake/real face photos. In this paper, we look at how CNN models discern between fake and real faces. Face forgery detection relies heavily on Texture Variation Network (TVN) information, according to our findings. We propose a new model, TVN, for robust face fraud detection, based on Convolution and pyramid pooling (PP), as a result of the aforesaid discovery. To produce a stationary representation of composition difference information, Convolution combines pixel intensity and pixel gradient information. Simultaneously, multi-scale information fusion based on the PP can prevent the texture features from being destroyed. Our TVN beats previous techniques on numerous databases, including Faceforensics++, DeeperForensics-1.0, Celeb-DF, and DFDC. The TVN is more resistant to image distortion, such as JPEG compression and blur, which is critical in the wild.</p> Haseena S Saroja S Shri Dharshini D Nivetha A. Copyright (c) 2023 Iberamia & The Authors 2023-05-24 2023-05-24 26 72 1 14 10.4114/intartif.vol26iss72pp1-14 PB3C-CNN: An integrated PB3C and CNN based approach for plant leaf classification <p>Plant identification and classification are critical to understand, protect, and conserve biodiversity. Traditional plant classification requires years of intensive training and experience, making it difficult for others to classify plants. Plant leaf classification is a challenging issue as similar features appears in different species of plant. With the development of automated image-based classification, machine learning (ML) is becoming very popular. Deep learning (DL) methods have significantly improved plant image identification and classification. In the last decade, convolutional neural networks (CNN) have entirely dominated the field of computer vision, showing outstanding feature extraction capabilities and significant identification and classification performance. The capability of CNN lies in its network. The primary strategy to continue this trend in the literature relies on further scaling networks in size. However, costs increase rapidly, while performance improvements may be marginal when the number of net-works increases. Hence, there is a need to optimize the CNN network to get the best possible result with the minimum number of networks and other parameters such as the number of epochs, number of layers, batch size and number of neurons. The paper aims to evolve the optimal architecture of CNN using PB3C algorithm for plant leaf classification. For this, we use the nature-inspired computing technique parallel big bang–big crunch to evolve a CNN's optimal architecture automatically. Current study validated the proposed approach for plant leaf classification and compared it with 11 other machine learning-based approaches. From the results obtained it was found that the proposed approach was able to outperforms all 11 existing state-of-the-art techniques.&nbsp;</p> Sukanta Ghosh Amar Singh Shakti Kumar Copyright (c) 2023 Iberamia & The Authors 2023-05-24 2023-05-24 26 72 15 29 10.4114/intartif.vol26iss72pp15-29